Bioethics and vaccination

In Camillianum, Rivista dell’Istituto internazionale di Teologia Pastorale Sanitaria, Anno XVI, I-II quadrimestre, n. 46-47/2016

Vaccination is considered to be one of the most effective responses that the world of medicine has managed to produce to combat infectious diseases. Its use at the level of prevention has allowed a net improvement in health-care conditions, thereby leading to a gradual decrease in the spread of grave, compromising and fatal infections.

Despite this apparently incontrovertible evidence, in recent decades groups have been come into being which have raised doubts about the efficacy and safety of vaccines, and they have contributed, through the spread of their doubts, to the reduction in the number of vaccinated individuals, above all children. In this work, the scientific motivations that uphold the utility of both obligatory and optional vaccination campaigns are outlined, as well as the ways in which disaffection with the practice of vaccinations has spread, in particular over recent years.

It addresses those aspects relating to laws and regulations, as well as bioethics, that play a role in the debate, in which priorities from an individual as opposed to a community point of view are different.

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